Objectives: The aims of this study were to 1) determine the success rate of the tined lead test phase in patients with nonobstructive urinary retention (NOUR), 2) determine predictive factors of a successful test phase in patients with NOUR, and 3) determine long-term treatment efficacy and satisfaction in patients with NOUR.
Materials and methods: The first part was a multicenter retrospective study at two centers in The Netherlands. Patients with NOUR received a four-week tined lead test phase. Success was defined as a ≥50% reduction of clean intermittent catheterization frequency or postvoid residual. We analyzed possible predictors of success with multivariable logistic regression. Second, all patients received a questionnaire to assess efficacy, perceived health (Patient Global Impression of Improvement), and treatment satisfaction.
Results: This study included 215 consecutive patients (82 men and 133 women) who underwent a tined lead test phase for the treatment of NOUR. The success rate in women was significantly higher than in men, respectively 62% (83/133) and 22% (18/82, p < 0.001). In women, age per ten years (odds ratio [OR] 0.74, 95% CI: 0.59-0.93) and a history of psychiatric illness (OR 3.92, 95% CI: 1.51-10.2), including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), significantly predicted first stage sacral neuromodulation (SNM) success. In men, age per ten years (OR 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25-0.72) and previous transurethral resection of the prostate and/or bladder neck incision (OR 7.71, 95% CI: 1.43-41.5) were significant predictors of success. Conversely, inability to void during a urodynamic study (for women, OR 0.79, 95% CI: 0.35-1.78; for men, OR 3.06, 95% CI: 0.83-11.3) was not predictive of success. Of the patients with a successful first stage, 75% (76/101) responded to the questionnaire at a median follow-up of three years. Of these patients, 87% (66/76) continued to use their SNM system, and 92% (70/76) would recommend SNM to other patients.
Conclusions: A history of psychiatric illness, including PTSD, in women with NOUR increased the odds of first stage SNM success 3.92 times. A previous transurethral resection of the prostate and/or bladder neck incision in men increased the odds of success 7.71 times. In addition, a ten-year age increase was associated with an OR of 0.43 in men and 0.74 in women, indicating a 2.3- and 1.3-times decreased odds of success, respectively.
Reference: Coolen R.L., Groen J., Stillebroer A.B., Scheepe J.R., Witte L.P.W., Blok B.F.M. 2022. Two-Staged Sacral Neuro-modulation for the Treatment of Nonobstructive Urinary Retention: A Multicenter Study Assessing Predictors of Success. Neuromodulation 2022